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APA 6th ed. Style Guide: Books & Reports

Essential Elements

All book citations should include the following elements:

1. Name of Author, Editor, or Compiler

2. Year of Publication

3. Title of Book (italicized)

4. Page numbers
(if citing a chapter or a work in an anthology)

5. City of Publication

6. Name of Publisher

Sample Citations - Books

Book by a Single Author or Editor
Single Author 


Single Editor 

Place the editor's name in the author position, and enclose the abbreviation Ed.


If you are citing a specific chapter, entry, or article in an edited book or in a reference book, see instructions below.

Book by Multiple Authors or Editors
Multiple Authors

Use commas to separate authors, to separate surnames and initials, and to separate initials and suffixes (ex. Jr. and III). With 2 to 7 authors, use an ampersand (&) before the last author.

Example (two authors):

Example (multiple authors):

Multiple Editors 

Place the editors' names in the author position, and enclose the abbreviation Eds.


Book Chapter (section or entry in edited book)


Provide the home page of the online library (ProQuest Ebook Central, Ebooks on EBSCOhost, etc.) rather than the full URL.


Entry or article in reference work


Example (no author or editor):

Multivolume work


Sample Citations - Reports

Format references to technical and research reports as you would a book:

Author, A. A. (1998). Title of work (Report No. xxx). Location: Publisher.

  • If the issuing organization assigned a number (report number, contract number, monograph number) to the report, give that number in parentheses immediately after the title.
  • If you obtained a report from the U.S. Government Printing Office, list the publisher location and name as Washington, DC: Government Printing Office.
  • For reports retrieved online, identify the publisher as part of the retrieval statement unless the publisher has been identified as the author: Retrieved from Agency name website: http://www.xxxxxxx

For more information, refer to section 7.03 (page 205) of the APA Style Manual, 6th edition. 

Government report


Authored report from nongovernmental organization


Report from institutional archive


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