Citations for scholarly articles should include the following:
1. Name of Author(s)
2. Year of Publication
3. Full Title of Article
4. Title of Journal (italicized)
5. Volume Number of Journal
6. Page Numbers of Article
What is a DOI (digital object identifier)??
For more information, see "The DOI System" (p. 5) in APA Style Guide to Electronic References.
All of the following are currently considered correct DOI display guidelines:
If you consulted the article in print, you do not need to include a DOI or URL.
If no DOI is assigned to the online content, include the URL for the journal home page.
Use this format: Retrieved from http://xxxx
No retrieval date is needed because the journal article content will not change over time.
When a reference has 1-7 authors, spell out all authors' names in the reference list citation. If a source has 8 or more authors, list the first six, insert an ellipses, and then provide the name of the final author.
Example (article with 8 or more authors):