Skip to Main Content
It looks like you're using Internet Explorer 11 or older. This website works best with modern browsers such as the latest versions of Chrome, Firefox, Safari, and Edge. If you continue with this browser, you may see unexpected results.

APA 7th ed. Style Guide: Datasets & Tests

Sample Citations - Data Sets

Data Set:

  • When a version number exists, include it in parentheses after the title.
  • The bracketed description is flexible (e.g., data set, data set and code book). 
  • In the source element of the reference provide the name of the organization that has published, archived, produced, or distributed the data set.

Examples:

undefined

undefined

undefined

undefined


Unpublished Raw Data

  • The date for unpublished data is the year(s) of collection.
  • In the source element of the reference provide the source (e.g., a university), if known. 
  • Include a retrieval date only if the data set is designed to change over time (e.g., if the data are still undergoing collection).

Example:

undefined

undefined

Sample Citations - Tests, Scales, & Inventories

Manual for a Test, Scale, or Inventory:

  • To cite a test, scale, or inventory, provide a citation for its supporting literature (e.g., its manual, which may be an authored or edited book, or the journal article in which it was published).
  • The title of a test, scale, or an inventory should be capitalized using title case whenever it appears in a paper. Although the test title may be italicized in a reference, in the text, the title of a test should appear in title case in standard (nonitalic) type. 

Example:

undefined

undefined

 


Test, Scale, or Inventory Itself

  • Cite the test, scale, or inventory itself only if a manual or other supporting literature is not available to cite; if a manual is available for a test, cite the manual, not the test.

Example:

undefined

undefined


Database Record for a Test

  • Test database records (e.g., records from PsycTESTS, the ETS TestLink collection, or the CINAHL database) typically provide unique descriptive and administrative information about tests; cite the database record if you use this unique information. Otherwise, cite the test's supporting literature, if available.

Example:

undefined

undefined

Need help? Chat with us