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Zotero is free, easy to use software that helps you save, manage, and cite research sources.

Rich Text Formatting

Zotero easily integrates with your word processor of choice (Word, LibreOffice, & OpenOffice), but some additional steps are required to ensure citations comply with conventions of some citation styles, especially in the sciences. For example, some scientific words must be italicized, such as scientific names of species.

If a title in your Zotero library contains a word/phrase that requires a particular style when included in a bibliography (when output from Zotero into your word processor), you must insert pre-designated HTML codes in Zotero.

Citation Example
Article Title:
Silk gene transcripts in the developing tubuliform glands of the Western black widow, Latrodectus hesperus
Merri L. Casem, Matthew A. Collin, Nadia A. Ayoub, and Cheryl Y. Hayashi

In this example, to ensure that Latrodectus hesperus remains italicized when included as a citation or bibliographic entry, the title must be written as <i>Latrodectus hesperus</i> in your Zotero library.

More Codes for Rich Text Formatting

  • Surround text with <i> and </i> to achieve italics
  • Surround text with <b> and </b> to achieve bolded text
  • Surround text with <sub> and </sub> to achieve subscripts
  • Surround text with <sup> and </sup> to achieve superscripts
  • Surround text with <span style=”font-variant:small-caps;”> and </span> to achieve smallcaps

For more, see the guide to Rich Text Formatting on the Zotero website 

Zotero Guide

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Kyle Denlinger
Subjects: Counseling, Education