When it comes to discussing musical instruments across different cultures, there are two systems of terminology currently in use:
Hornbostel/Sachs terms. Named after the two scholars who invented them, these terms are widely used in the scholarly literature. When searching databases, websites, etc., try the following terms:
See the entries for each of these terms in Oxford Music Online (available on our “Databases” page).
Library of Congress subject headings. These are used by most college and university library catalogs. They don't include the Hornbostel/Sachs terms, so when searching library catalogs, try subject headings like these:
You can also try the Hornbostel/Sachs terms as keyword searches. This will retrieve any authors who have used them in their book titles.