Skip to Main Content
It looks like you're using Internet Explorer 11 or older. This website works best with modern browsers such as the latest versions of Chrome, Firefox, Safari, and Edge. If you continue with this browser, you may see unexpected results.
ZSR Library

EGR 338, Bioprinting and Biofabrication: Search Techniques

Key word search

Use Boolean logic to narrow, broaden, or refine the search results.

  • AND
    • Intersection
    • Search for two terms or phrases in the same document
    • Example:  inkjet AND bioprinting

  • OR
    • Inclusion
    • Search for either term or phrase separately as well as together
    • Exampled: 
      • LIFT OR "laser induced forward transfer"
      • drop-on-demand OR DOD OR "inkjet 3D bioprinting"

  • NOT
    • Exclusion
    • Remove the search term or phrase from the results
    • Example:  stereolithography NOT additive manufacturing


  • Phrase searching (using quotations around phrases)
    • Examples: 
      • "laser induced forward transfer" specific term
      • "3D Bioprinting" book title
  • Truncation:  Search for variations in a word by using an asterisk
    • Examples:
      • filt*
        • filter
        • filtration
        • filters
        • filtering
        • filters
      • child*
        • child
        • children
  • Parenthesis:  Grouping key search terms/phrases
    • Examples:
      • biomaterial* AND (LIFT OR "laser induced forward transfer")
      • ("drop on demand" OR DOD) AND (advantage* OR impact* OR limit*) AND (bioprinting OR biofabrication)
      • stereolithography AND (advantage* OR impact* OR limit*) AND (bioprinting OR biofabrication)


Topical Search

Science Direct includes a topical index which separates topics by field.  Each entry includes excerpts from scholarly articles, books, books chapters, encyclopedias, and other resources produced by Elsevier.  If you locate a pertinent resource, search for the title on the ZSR library website.  If needed, request access to the resource using interlibrary loan.

Need help? Chat with us