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Fake News: Identifying Fake News

Rosalind Tedford

Rosalind Tedford's picture
Rosalind Tedford
ZSR Library
Room 457A


Thank you to Penn State, Harvard University, and Indiana University East for providing inspiration for some elements in this guide.

Identifying Fake News

The CRAAP Test

The best and most well-known BS detector is the aptly named CRAAP test. Don't laugh! It's an acronym that stands for "Currency, Relevance, Authority, Accuracy, and Purpose." It applies to all kinds of sources from news to research. Flip through this presentation to see how it works.

Beware of Imitators

Some websites attempt to fool you into thinking they are more authoritative than they really are with tricks like these.

Keep an eye out in your browser's address bar for sneaky additions to more authoritative domain names, like "" here:

Don't trust a website based on a name alone. Despite the naming convention, there's actually no such newspaper as the "Denver Guardian," seen here:

Likewise, despite the apparent reference to a channel number, there's no such cable news channel as "Now 8 News," either.

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