Statistical Abstract of the United States. Start here for all your domestic statistical needs. I suggest you use the index to find the char(s) you need, keeping in mind that the numbers listed there are chart numbers, not page numbers. Need more detail? Use the URL in the source which is listed below each chart. The book is located behind the reference desk, and it's avialable online as well.
British historical statistics REF HA1134 .M58 1988
International historical statistics : Africa, Asia & Oceania, 1750-1993
REF HA4675. M55 1998
International historical statistics : Europe, 1750-1993
REF HA1107 .M5 1998
OECD Health Data
Covers health-related data for member OECD nations
Covers trade and industry information by county
World Bank - Global Development Finance
Presents data, by country, for national finances, total debt, debt service, etc.
World Bank - World Development Indicators
Presents data, by country, for balance of payments, national accounts, social indicators and more.
The Dismal Scientist
This site offers regional and national economic data and analysis on the U.S. economy. It also provides a CPI (consumer price indices) calculator, a PPI (producer price indices) calaculator, a dictionary of economic terms, and a calendar of upcoming economic releases.
This is an electronic source of regional data with links to Federal data.
Economic Research Service
Statistics and research reports from the Dept. of Agriculture covering crop production and use as well as consumption.
Economic History Services presents a variety of domestic statistics and an encyclopedia of economics on its site.
Executive Branch Web Sites
Gateway to the websites of numerous Executive Branch departments and agencies, such as Dept of Agriculture, Dept of Commerce and Dept of Education.
Scout Report: Sign Post
Indexes by Library of Congress Subject Heading (scroll to the bottom of the screen). Links to various scholarly web sites.
Statistical Resources on the Web
"Meta-index to statistical web sites and individual statistical publications arranged by broad subject category from the University of Michigan Documents Center." Subjects covered include: agriculture; business and industry; consumer; cost of living; demographics; economics; education; energy; environment; finance and currency; foreign economics; foreign governments; foreign trade; U.S. government finances; health; housing; labor; military; politics; science; sociology; transportation; weather.