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APA Style Guide: Introduction

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APA Quick Guide

The APA Quick Guide provides an easy to print handout that includes citation examples for lists of works cited as well as in-text citations.

ALSO: The Publication Manual of the American Psychological Association website contains tutorials, FAQs, and other resources to help you improve your writing, master APA Style, and learn the conventions of scholarly publishing.

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Use the Tabs within this guide for detailed instructions about APA citation style for a variety of resources.

Here are some basic guidelines to get you started:

Citing Books:
Book Citations in APA generally require author name, publication year, work title, publication city, and publisher.

Articles in Periodicals:
In APA periodical citation, authors are named by their last name followed by initials; the publication year goes between parentheses and is followed by a period.  The title of an article is written in sentence-case, in which only the first word and proper nouns are capitalized.  The periodical title is written in title case and is followed by the volume number, which, with the title, is also italicized or underlined.

Online Sources:
In APA citation, online sources often include what are known as DOIs, or digital object identifiers.  If a DOI is available, it is used in place of a URL.  The DOI is a serial number that identifies the source regardless of URL changes, and it can often be found on the first page of an online source.  Beyond the DOI, APA generally cites author, date, page title, site title, available page numbers, and a URL or DOI.

Multimedia Sources:
Electronic sources in APA format may include a digital object identifier (DOI) number.  When a DOI is evident, it may be used in place of a URL address.  An online source should include either a DOI or a URL.

Publication Manual of the American Psychological Association

Copies of the latest edition of the APA Manual are available at the ZSR Reference Desk.

The APA Style Guide to Electronic Resources is available in both print and electronic formats.